If we talk about one of the UIGM indicators for transportation, it is the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) where this sub-indicator is a campus effort to suppress emission from vehicles from the community members on campus. Actually, our country, namely Indonesia, is also working towards net-zero-emission (NZE). In achieving net zero emission, our common enemy is carbon emission. In this NZE era, the use of fuel oil (BBM) for vehicles began to be shifted to the use of electric batteries. As a commitment of the Government of Indonesia. Then the Presidential Regulation (PEPRES) Number 55 of 2019 was issued concerning the Battery Electric Vehicle Program for Road Transportation.
According to this Presidential Regulation, the acceleration of the development of the Battery-Based KBL industry is meant through the activities of the Battery-Based KBL industry and or the Battery-Based KBL component industry. In this Presidential Decree, it is stated that the acceleration of the Electric-Based Vehicle (KBL) or Battery-Based Vehicle program for road transportation is carried out through several strategies, namely:
a. accelerate the development of domestic battery-based KBL industry
b. Incentives Giving
c. provision of electricity charging infrastructure and regulation of electricity tariffs for Battery-Based KBL
d. compliance with the technical provisions of Battery-Based KBL
e. protection of the environment.
In addition, this Presidential Regulation emphasizes that domestic vehicle component industrial companies and/or battery-based KBL component industrial companies are obliged to support and cooperate with the domestic battery-based KBL industry.
The use of environmentally friendly vehicles will continue to grow. Moreover, the current fuel price continues to increase. Therefore, vehicles that use electric batteries will have lower operating costs later. As much as possible by 2025, it is necessary to increase the use of domestic production (PKDN). Just an example of using electric vehicle (EV) technology from the transportation industry. In fact, Indonesia has an abundant source of raw material for electric batteries, namely nickel. Nickel can be processed into cathodes for electric batteries. The components of the car body are made of nickel as well.
Hopefully, with the policy from the Presidential Regulation and as one of the UIGM indicator parameters, we as a higher education community can help more with various programs to support NZE.
Indonesian Nickel Media